In some European Union countries the debate over fracking is leading to governments taking steps to either curb or stop oil companies from using the practice.
Germany doesn’t plan on lifting its conditional ban on the process any time soon. A moratorium has been in place for two years on new permits. And while fracking is permitted it can only be used below a depth of 3,000 metres. This is a limitation designed to protect goundwater supplies.
The technique has been used for deep-lying, or “tight” gas, but some Germans are leaning more towards exploiting shale reserves to preserve the countries industrial competitiveness in the wake of rising energy costs and lower prices in the U.S. because of expansion of fracking there.
In Scotland opposition to fracking appears be growing. More than two dozen groups representing Scottish communities directly or indirectly at risk from unconventional gas extraction are demanding the countries government put in a moratorium on all forms of unconventional gas development. The group recently posted an article in the Herald Scotland calling on the government to make a ruling.